Just like other parts of your body, your eyes must be looked after carefully. It is important to have an eye exam regularly. This is even more important for children. Children must have a vision exam from as young as six months. At the ages of three and six, their eyes should be examined again. If you find out your son or daughter may have an eye problem, don’t hesitate just get an eye exam done as quickly as possible. As children having a family history of eye disorders are also at risk of hereditary vision problems, and must go for frequent eye checkouts.
Usually, it has been noted that premature babies frequently get vision problems as they grow, so their eyes should be checked more than a child having normal vision. In adults, the frequency of eye exams varies according to their age. Adults who already wear glasses or contacts need an eye exam every year and adults who are older than forty years having a normal vision should have an eye exam every two or three years. It is important to note that People with health problems such as hypertension and diabetes must go for vision exam every year. People older than sixty years can be susceptible to macular degeneration, presbyopia, and cataracts.
When deciding on where to go for your vision exams, you will be having three choices: an ophthalmologist, an optometrist, or an optician. An optometrist is qualified to prescribe medications and is able to perform certain surgeries.An ophthalmologist is qualified to do surgical procedures. An optician is restricted to doing eye exams and carrying out repairs to glasses or contact lenses.
A regular vision exam comprises near and far sight testing, details of your family’s eye history, eye coordination, as well as an external and internal inspection of both eyes. If you already wear contacts or glasses, these will also be checked. To maintain healthy eyes, you must also need to eat plenty of fresh vegetables and fruits. Take mineral and vitamins supplements. If your eyes are starved of Vitamin A, you could get night blindness. Also, wear sunglasses that have high UV protection when going outdoors in bright sunlight.
If you are a smoker, it’s time to start thinking of quitting because People who smoke heavily for a long period of time suffer from even complete blindness and macular degeneration.